III Международный конкурс
научно-исследовательских и творческих работ учащихся
«СТАРТ В НАУКЕ»
ФРАЗОВЫЕ ГЛАГОЛЫ (СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ)
Текст научной работы размещён без изображений и формул.
Полная версия научной работы доступна в формате PDF
В процессе подготовки к олимпиадам мне пришлось решать много заданий, и я выяснил, что упражнения, проверяющие знание фразовых глаголов, являются излюбленными для составителей олимпиад. При этом в стандартном школьном учебнике можно найти лишь пару-тройку фразовых глаголов, не более. Скудость материала по данной теме натолкнула меня на мысль создать свой собственный сборник упражнений для отработки употребления фразовых глаголов. Таким образом, я поставил перед собой
цель – написать пособие для работы с фразовыми глаголами;
задачи – пользуясь разными источниками, создать пособие, делающее работу учащихся с фразовыми глаголами увлекательной и познавательной.
Для решения поставленных задач необходимо выполнить следующие шаги:
- из огромного количества фразовых глаголов отобрать те, с которыми я буду работать;
- переработать биографии нескольких выдающихся британских личностей, употребив фразовые глаголы;
- составить систему упражнений в виде собственных рассказов, в которых будет отрабатываться употребление глаголов.
Я придерживался следующей системы. Глаголы распределялись по предлогам, составлялась биография, в которой употреблялись глаголы с одним предлогом. По тому же принципу (принципу одного предлога) затем сочинялся мой собственный текст.
Annie Doris (“Dolly”) Walker-Wraight (1920-2002)
Dolly Wraight was born in Java in 1920. In 1958 she received a teacher’s diploma and began working as a teacher. While she was working as a part-time remedial reading teacher in the Tyndale Junior School, a new headmaster was appointed who brought in a radical child-centered system. To cut a long story short, children were allowed plenty of freedom and access to all parts of the school, including the areas for the staff. The implementation of this system resulted in severe disciplinary problems, which the staff could not solve. Some teachers strongly disagreed with the new methods and Dolly Walker stepped in the argument. Parliamentary investigation followed and the government had to phase in some positive changes and overhaul the whole educational system. However, Dolly Wraight is most famous and best remembered for her role in upholding the Marlovian theory. She actively joined in the activities of the Marlowe Society and made an immense contribution to the cause by writing a number of books, especially The Story That the Sonnets Tell. She devoted 30 years of her life to studying the sonnets, the activity that she had to fit in around all her teaching work, and turned in a real masterpiece, a book which will come in useful for anyone who is interested in Shakespeare and his creative work. Ms Wraight’s approach to the sonnets was as simple as it was inspirational. Her assumption was that the sonnets are purely autobiographical, a sort of a private diary. Viewed in this light, the sonnets tell a heart-rending story of a disgraced poet in exile, ‘beweeping his outcast state’, and this narrative fits only Christopher Marlowe who must have survived his faked death and fled to the continent thus taking in his powerful enemies. As far as the authorship question goes, the truth about Marlowe as a real genius author behind the Shakespeare Cannon is gradually sinking in. Sadly, the Stratfordians are deaf to any sound argument and refuse to give in. Small wonder, because the Stratfordian myth brings in huge money to those who perpetuate it.
Christopher Marlowe (1564 - ?1593)
Christopher Kit Marlowe was born and brought up in a shoemaker’s family in Canterbury, in 1564. Canterbury was a city where people from all walks of life, different languages and religions mixed up, so the boy Christopher picked up some dialects and accents and incredibly funny stories, which he later used to write his plays. When he was a child, it turned out that he had amazing talents and he was sent to study in Cambridge University and soon became the most brilliant dramatist and playwright of the Elizabethan England. As an intelligencer, he regularly visited European countries where he had ample opportunities to brush up his French, Italian and Spanish. Although his intelligence work took up a lot of his time, he never gave up literary activities until his untimely death at 29 years old. It was in1593 that serious problems cropped up. He had a powerful enemy, Archbishop of Canterbury, John Whitgift, who ordered his people to dig up information implicating Marlowe in atheism. Though some dubious facts were indeed dug up, Marlowe refused to own up to what he had not done. Fortunately, the poet had a devoted friend, his patron Thomas Walsingham, who was ready to back him up. Walsingham staged a fake death and Marlowe, no longer dressed up, but looking presumably like a sailor, escaped to the continent. Many years had elapsed before things began to look up for the exiled poet. Unable to completely bottle up his feelings, he poured them out in his immortal sonnets.
John Whitgift (1530 – 1604)
John Whitgift was the eldest son in a merchant’s family and was sent to study in St.Anthony’s school in London. His refusal to attend daily mass did not go down well with the school authorities so, branded as a heretic, he went back to his native town to lodge with his aunt. According to his earliest biography, ‘She (the aunt) thought at first she had received a saint into her house, but now she perceived he was a devil.’ Whitgift went on to study at Cambridge University where he settled down under the guidance of a leading Protestant reformer and soon wrote a doctoral dissertation on the Pope as Antichrist. When Elizabeth became the Queen, he grew in importance and in October 1583 he was made the Archbishop of Canterbury. It was then that Whitgift ruthlessly began to crack down on anyone who questioned his teachings, laid down in the Thirty-Nine Articles of faith. There were a lot of Catholics, Puritans and non-conformists who refused to back down, so Whitgift authorized torture carried out routinely in the dreaded Star Chamber. His religious statutes were so intolerant and draconian that even people from Queen Elizabeth’s closest circle wanted the Archbishop to water them down. Perhaps unsurprisingly, Elizabeth, who was not tied down with family responsibilities, called him ‘my little black husband’ and saw eye to eye with him on all religious matters. In fact, Archbishop Whitgift lived in lavish style and travelled escorted by 800 mounted horsemen. It caused criticism and in 1588 a series of brilliant satires was published under the pseudonym Martin Marprelate, in which Whitgift was ridiculed and referred to as the ‘Beelzebub of Canterbury’, ‘a monstrous Antichrist’ and ‘a most bloody tyrant’. Whitgift wanted to have Marprelate tracked down and executed. After the suspects had been narrowed down to an acceptable number, several priests and printers and sympathizers were arrested, tortured and executed. Despite all this, the Queen and the Archbishop remained true to each other. When the Queen was dying, she ordered that Whitgift should kneel down at her deathbed. Though ill, old and obese, Whitgift stayed like this for several hours until Elizabeth’s death. He survived her by one year.
Oliver Cromwell (1599-1658)
Oliver Cromwell is both a famous and notorious English politician. He stands out as the first person who overthrew (or dethroned) the king in England. Born in 1599 into a landowner’s family, he dropped out of University following the death of his father. It should be pointed out that King Charles I imposed enormous taxes on landowners, who immediately felt the squeeze. To make matters worse, the king did not call Parliament and his power turned into a tyranny soon. When an anti-English rebellion broke out in Ireland, the king did call out Parliament, whose members demanded more powers. The furious king stormed out of London and set out to Scotland to recruit an army. The House of Commons imposed martial law and it was then that the Civil War broke out. It lasted from 1642 to 1645 and Cromwell took an active part in it as one of the commanders. According to contemporaries, he was a merciless and ruthless man, who, once he took a decision, never backed out, no matter how cruel it was. For example, Parliament influenced by Cromwell not only fell out with the king and threw him out, in 1649 the execution of the king was carried out. In 1653 Cromwell began ruling England as Lord Protector, which was in effect a sort of dictatorship. He died in 1658 and was buried with great ceremony, his funeral was pompous and elaborate like that of a king. However, Cromwell’s sins eventually overtook him. In 1661 his body was taken out of the grave for posthumous execution for high treason. His disinterred body was driven to the scaffold where it hung in chains; his head was then put on a 6-metre pole for public display.
William Blake (1757 – 1827)
William Blake was born into a family of a hosier and had a rather peaceful childhood. According to his parents, he began to have religious visions when he was 4, for example, trees filled with angels. It was probably his mother who talked his father into allowing William not to go to ordinary school, which turned his early years into really enjoyable ones. At the age of 10 he started going to a drawing school but had to give it up because his parents did not want to get into debt over his schooling. Instead, he was apprenticed to a master engraver. It was to be a highly successful professional relationship and Blake seriously intended to go into art. In 1782 Blake married an illiterate woman, named Catherine Boucher, and it was not rushing into a decision – his courtship had taken him a year. He put a lot of effort and time into teaching her to read, write and draw and she eventually became an invaluable companion and partner for him. Although William Blake came into some money after his father’s death, his family lived in relative poverty because he was largely unrecognized and his poems and pictures did not sell well if at all. Moreover, a lot of people thought him to be insane and he was misunderstood by his contemporaries. Shortly before his death, Blake was commissioned to design illustrations for Dante’s Divine Comedy. He flung himself into work and carried on even on his deathbed. 12 August 1827, on the day of his death, he was drawing feverishly in bed, when his wife, who was sitting next to him, burst into tears. It is reported that Blake noticed her tears and drew her portrait hastily and then died. Nowadays, Blake is a towering figure in English Romanticism and he is even a saint in one of the more obscure churches.
George Frideric Handel (1685 – 1759)
George Handel was born into a family of a barber but George did not take after his father and dreamed of composing and playing a musical instrument. His father was strongly opposed to the idea because he was convinced that music would hardly bring income even to get by. Nevertheless, his mother stood by him and allowed him to play the harpsichord hidden in the attic. In 1694, while he was performing on the organ at the duke’s court, he came across a composer Frideric Wilhelm Zachow. It was under Zachow’s tutelage that Handel learned to compose for the organ, the violin and the oboe. His father insisted on George’s going to university and becoming a lawyer. Although George became a student, his father’s plan fell through and George dropped out of the university. In 1703 Handel moved to Hamburg and set about not only performing on the organ, the violin and the harpsichord but also composing operas for the Hamburg Opera’s Goose Market Theatre. His very first opera was instantly successful and was followed by still more operas. Soon the news about this brilliant composer got around and he set out to tour Italy. It was in Italy that he made up his mind to try his luck in London, where he made a spectacular career. He was a prolific composer of operas and later, when Italian opera fell out of style in London, oratorios, which brought about significant changes on the London stage and immediately caught on with audiences. In 1726 he became a British citizen and began living in his adopted motherland permanently. In his later years he suffered from failing health, he survived two strokes and was gradually losing his eyesight. In some of his oratorios he managed to get across the feelings of a blind man. Until his dying day he kept on composing and performing and died on the eve on Easter. He always came across as a generous man and, being childless, he gave away all the money he had put by when he was alive. He was buried in Westminster Abbey in Poets’ Corner.
Rudyard Kipling (1865-1936)
Rudyard Kipling is an English writer and poet. He was born in Bombay, India, however, he received his education in England, in a boarding school in Devon. It was there that he came up against the problems of bullying and harsh discipline but he remained a cheerful boy who managed to get on well with the headmaster. The headmaster encouraged Kipling’s literary activity and fixed him up with a job of editing the school paper. In his later years Kipling always looked back upon those years with warmth. In 1882 Rudyard returned to India to carry on with writing, but this time it was serious journalism in a number of respected newspapers. Later he moved to London, and it was there that he met a young American publisher, who, unfortunately, went down with typhoid fever and passed away. Kipling married the deceased publisher’s sister but during their honeymoon the bank where Kipling kept his money, ran out of money and went bankrupt. However, he enjoyed a married bliss in his wife’s estate in the USA. By this time, he had earned a great reputation of an imperialist writer of great talent. With every successive work, he lived up to his established reputation of an imperialist writer. However, with the outbreak of wars for independence in the colonies, he came in for a lot of criticism because he was believed to look down upon ‘lesser breeds’, i.e. the natives in the colonies. At the same time, Kipling wrote about ‘White Man’s Burden’ and was convinced that the highly developed nations should spread literacy, law and morality.
Read the story. Replace the verbs and phrases in bold with multi-part verbs
ALIVE AND KICKING
Massive investments in the city of Rosslare (1) caused building a luxurious mineral water resort for retired government workers. The resort was expected to (2) earn considerable amounts of money to the current government workers. However, only a few people (3) became involved in the festivities dedicated to its opening. To make matters worse, after the ceremony even fewer stayed on as guests. There were six of them. Sir Oliver Crunchester, a former Royal Coroner from Norwich, who was notorious for (4) introducing an entirely new system of investigation based on physiognomy. He had to (5) implement it gradually over a long period since no one shared his belief in spirits and mediums. Countess Blackcock, a former secretary to a former mayor of Norwich, the real scale of whose machinations was yet (6)to be understood as far as general public went. Doctor Dea, a renowned autopsist, who also had a private practice, where his medical powers mostly rested on skillful use of placeboes, or simply put, (7) cheating his gullible patients. Mr Black, a former sheriff of Norfolk, who could always (8) find time for his business interests despite the tight schedule of the county council. He boasted so many business connections that when he had a problem, they always (9) proved useful. Lady Hawthorn, the ex-wife of someone in the government, who was, in the opinion of the public, divorced because she never hesitated to (10) join an argument, and once there, never 11 (surrendered). Her other fault was that she had (12) produced a tasteless poetry book about unrequited love, which immediately made both her and her husband the laughing stock of the county. There was one other man, Sir George Burnell, who occupied his insignificant position exclusively due to the protection of a relative in authority. Obviously, our characters met at the evening meal and started a conversation.
Answers: 1. resulted in, 2. bring in, 3. joined in, 4. bringing in, 5. phase it in, 6. sink in, 7. taking in, 8. fit in, 9. came in, 10. step in, 11. gave in, 12. turned in.
All the guests (1)wore very smart clothes but the problems (2)appeared almost immediately – they could hardly find a topic for general conversation. They all used to be white-collar workers except one man – the Coroner, Mr Crunchester. In their heart of hearts they all (3)admitted that his life had been far more exciting and adventurous than theirs. That’s why Mr Black’s question seemed very natural, ‘What was the most complicated crime you have ever investigated? I mean, you may have (4)discovered some skeletons in the cupboard or some such thing.’
‘There was indeed one case I found exceedingly difficult. You know, once upon a time there was a mayor. He married an extremely beautiful girl who was well (5)reared and educated. The press could hardly (6)suppress the emotions of the public since the pair was the best illustration for the fairy-tale ‘Beauty and the Beast’. Besides, the girl was said to be (7) supported by a man, much older than herself, but younger than her husband. Rumour had it that the other man had wanted to marry her. Approximately 3 months after the marriage, the spouses visited a lonely café one evening. No one knew whether it (8)occupied much of their time, because the whole staff (the owner, one waiter and the cook) left the café 10 minutes after the pair came. It was the last place they had been seen. At that time I had just started (9) learning the new method I’m famous for now but one thing was obvious to me: the mayor had been murdered. You see, he had a gold and very expensive watch that he had received upon the occasion of his 30th anniversary. It was impossible to (10) confuseit with any other watch because of the engraving on it: ‘To T.P.P. from his friend of the Political Department’ The police had almost (11) stopped the search when a corpse of a tramp was found in another part of the city. He was mauled but guess what we found on him! The mayor’s gold watch!’
‘And where is the watch now?!’ exclaimed the whole party in unison.
Answers: 1. were dressed up, 2. cropped up, 3. owned up, 4. dug up, 5. brought up, 6. bottle up, 7. backed up, 8. took up, 9. picking up, 10. mix it up, 11. given up.
His answer (1)was notreceived well, ‘The watch was stolen by someone from the investigation team. The thief could have sold it and then (2) began a quiet life in some provincial district.’ ‘The police must have (3) found him after all! They can always (4)take harsh measures against gangs when they want!’ Lady Blackcock exclaimed. The ex-Coroner replied, ‘Unfortunately, after we had (5) reduced the number of suspects, no one remained.’ Lady Blackcock was obliged to (6) retreat. Next morning, Lady Blackcock and Lady Hawthorn (though separately) left the hotel. Their first surprise was their accidental meeting on a ferry bound for England. Lady Blackcock began the conversation, ‘Your financial obligations do not (7) constrainyou, do they?’ Lady Hawthorn replied, ‘You know, I’ve received a letter from my poor dear aunt, where she (8) stated all her current problems and I suspect that she is in a dreadful condition because she has a habit of (9)making things seem weaker.’ ‘What a marvellous coincidence!’ Lady Blackcock ejaculated. ‘My poor uncle Henry is also at death’s door! I’m going to England to (10) go down on my knees at his deathbed!’
It was a cold day and there were no people in the street where the police headquarters were located. No people, except two elderly women who were swiftly walking towards each other without realizing this fact. At the HQ entrance Lady Blackcock and Lady Hawthorn nearly bumped into each other.
Answers: 1. did not go down well, 2. settled down, 3. tracked him down, 4. crack down on, 5. narrowed down, 6. back down, 7. tie you down, 8. laid down, 9. watering down, 10. kneel.
‘It appears to me, your aunt, sure of her own inevitable death went straight to the police headquarters to meet an autopsist!’Lady Blackcock said sardonically. Lady Hawthorn replied, ‘And your uncle, when he learnt that you had (1) started from the hotel, must have (2) lefthis house in fury and straight to the police!’ Lady Blackcock was not ready to (3) withdraw from her initial plan but she decided to tell the truth. ‘I am the wife of that mayor (Crunchester told us about) but I had always loved my real patron (remember, the coroner mentioned the man older than myself?). But then an argument (4) suddenly happened and so I (5) quarrelled with him and rashly married this mayor. I never loved him, he was ugly and stupid, that’s why I soon pleaded my patron for help. He was intending also to become a mayor and wanted (6) to get rid of my husband. He invented a cunning plan and I (7) performedit: I suggested going to this lonely café and poisoned the mayor’s tea. Then we (my patron and I) splashed the acid on my husband’s face, so no one could recognize him. Then we clothed him in a beggar’s clothes and threw his body in the gutter, and I began to work as the secretary of my patron (who became the new mayor) under another name. But it was dark at the time of that … m-m-m, well, incident, and we forgot about the gold watch!’
‘I am also here because of the watch,’ eagerly confessed lady Hawthorn. ‘It was when I had a relationship with the murdered.., sorry, the mayor you did away with, that the watch was given to him although he didn’t (8) excel as a politician at that time.’
Luck wasn’t against them when they visited the HQ. They met an old detective, who appeared to know something of the case and told them as much. The end of their conversation was very surprising.
‘So didn’t anyone (9) exhume the beggar’s body?’ The two oldies wondered.
‘No, but I want to (10) draw your attention to one fact: the autopsist who observed the beggar with the expensive watch, immediately resigned, and no one has heard of him since.’ ‘And what was his name?’‘His surname is more important. It was Dea.’
Answers: 1. set out, 2. stormed out of the house, 3. back out of, 4. broke out, 5. fell out, 6. to throw … out, 7. carried it out, 8. stand out, 9. take … out of the grave, 10. point out.
(1) Without thinking both women decided to return to Rosslare and have an interview with Dr Dea (the Coroner would have never thought his purely social chat might have caused such consequences). They went straight to his suite. ‘We know all about you! Where is the watch?!’ demanded Lady Hawthorn. Doctor Dea looked pitiable. ‘Before I tell you the answer I want to tell a true piece of autobiography. I’m not glad I (2) made a profession of medicine: I don’t have the ability for this science, though I (3) appearedin a doctors’ family. However, for years I have been deceiving my patients successfully but now I have (4) found myself in trouble since everyone knows I am a charlatan.’ ’And what has become of the watch?’ asked Lady Blackcock impatiently. ‘I have it. I’ve always wanted to sell it when I (5) no longer have money. And this moment has come’. Lady Blackcock thought it would not be difficult to (6) persuade the doctor to sell this watch. And she was right. ‘If we divide the gained money between us three, we will (7) all become rich,’ said she and the doctor agreed. So they went to the jewelry shop.
‘I guess it’s an incredibly expensive watch. It’s made of pure gold, I wouldn’t take less than a million pounds for it,’ said the doctor, evidently concerned. The jeweler (8) exploded with laughter, ‘Stop this vacuous and irrelevant talk. It’s made of pure plastic!’ ‘I don’t think, doctor, your medical capabilities are on such a grade that you can (9) change gold to plastic. Or have you (10) starteddoing enthusiastically alchemy instead of medicine?’ Lady Blackcock said as sardonically as ever. ‘I don’t have the slightest idea, how this transformation happened,’ replied the doctor, who was indeed completely puzzled and confused. And then, suddenly, he exclaimed. ‘Why, yes, I know the cause of this! The mayor had a double, a doppelganger!’
Answers: 1. rushed into a decision, 2. went into, 3. was born into, 4. got into, 5. run out of, 6. to talk … into selling, 7. come into money, 8. burst into, 9. turn … into, 10. flung yourself into.
‘Humbug!’ Both ladies barked. ‘You must have (1) intended to go mad but we are not buying your nonsense!’ “Oh no, I know this for sure and I can prove it! Although the mayor (2) gave the impression of a most active politician, his mental health didn’t allow him to be a frequent public speaker but he had a twin brother and they looked as like as two peas and both (3) resembled their father. So, this twin had (4) not completed the university and all his investment schemes had (5) failed sohecould hardly (6) make both ends meet. However, he was sane and was capable of reading his brother’s speeches in public. Evidently, this substitution game (7) became popular with the mayor. His twin brother spoke in Parliament and the mayor (8) supported him. The gold watch was an integral part of the mayor so the double had an elaborate but plastic copy of it. I was the mayor’s personal doctor so I was in the know, besides, I (9) met the double by chance more than once.’ ‘Then the man I murdered must have been the double and my real husband may be alive! We won’t stand it! Let’s go to his old flat!’ Lady Blackcock was raving. So they (10) decided to go immediately.
The flat was luxurious and full of furniture which had (11) become unfashionable decades before. There were a lot of photos, letters and other tale-telling objects. Suddenly, Lady Hawthorn screamed, ‘What an interesting letter!’ The letter ran: ‘Dear Mr Black, I am well aware of the fact that you and my wife have tried to murder me. You may think you have succeeded but it is wishful thinking. On the contrary, I am alive and kicking and, more than that, I have the gold watch. It is difficult to (12) convey my sad feelings when I think of parting with it one day but despite the fact that I (13) continue working hard, the money I have (14) saved does not go far in satisfying all my needs. So if you want to buy an antique object, do not hesitate to contact me. Yours Sincerely, George Burnel (it is my new name).’
Answers: 1. set out, 2. came across as, 3. took after, 4. dropped out of, 5. fallen through, 6. get by, 7. caught on with, 8. stood by, 9. came across, 10. made up their minds, 11. fallen out of style, 12. get across, 13. keep on, 14. put by.
Lady Blackcock gasped, 'Could it mean that my husband and my patron kept in touch after his twin brother (1)died? That they (2)continued with their communication?! Now, when I (3)remember those dreadful events, I clearly see that the brother came to the café right after his speech in Parliament where he pretended to be my husband!’ Doctor Dea interposed, ‘As usual, your spouse (4)upheld his reputation of being a cunning devil.’ ‘Then’, said Lady Hawthorn, ‘Mr Black (Lady Blackcock’s patron, I mean) must have (5) providedthe double with a position in government!’ Lady Blackcock presumed, ‘If so, they must have (6)been friendly all this time!’ Suddenly, these presumptions (7) were criticizedby the doctor who suggested going to the hotel at once.
‘What have you been up to, all of you? I thought you might have (8) fallen ill with some viral infection, they can be deadly at our time of life!’ Sir George Burnel welcomed them in the lobby of the hotel with his characteristic joviality.
But Doctor Dea shared none of his merriment. ‘Where is the watch?’ he roared without any preliminaries. ‘Have you sold it to Mr Black, you villain?’ Burnel was as pale as a sheet. ‘No, I (9)faced some problems from the man who tracked me down and I gave him the watch free of charge.’ ‘And wasn’t that man’s name Mr Crunchester?!’ Lady Blackcock snarled. ‘How do you know?’ ‘You, scoundrel!’ screamed the whole party and rushed to the coroner who was at that moment exiting the lift.
‘I have always (10)considered the police inferior because they are the most corrupt and unscrupulous people I’ve ever come across!’ hissed Lady Hawthorn trying in vain to scratch the coroner’s eyes out.
The coroner raised his voice. ‘I’m (11) losing patience, stop these disgraceful exhibitions and listen to me! Mr Black and Mrs Blackcock, you are arrested on charges of attempted murder. Mr Dea, you are arrested on charges of charlatanism and obstruction of justice by stealing vital evidence. Mrs Hawthorn, you are arrested on charges of aiding and abetting a felony. Last but not least, Mr Burnel, you are also arrested. On what charge? We’ll come up with a charge for you later,’ said the coroner reassuringly. ‘By the way, the gold watch,’ he said mysteriously dangling the said object in front of their very eyes, ‘is fatally slow.’ With these words Coroner Crunchester phoned the police station.
Answers: 1. passed away, 2. carried on, 3. look back (up)on, 4. lived up to, 5. fixed the double up with, 6. got on (well), 7. came in for criticism from, 8. gone down with, 9. came up against, 10. looked down on the police, 11. running out of.
Таким образом, мне удалось решить все поставленные задачи. Создан сборник, которым можно пользоваться при подготовке к олимпиадам, когда требуется дополнительная практика в использовании фразовых глаголов.
Во время выполнения этой работы я, к своему удивлению, узнал о существовании огромного количества фразовых глаголов, многие, надеюсь, прочно вошли в мой лексикон. Очень полезным оказалось составление биографий, я открыл для себя ранее неизвестные мне страницы истории Великобритании. Но самым большим открытием для меня стал тот факт, что фразовыми глаголами изобилуют аутентичные английские источники.
Я надеюсь, этот сборник поможет расширить кругозор учащихся и всех тех, кто будет его читать.
СПИСОК ИСПОЛЬЗОВАННОЙ ЛИТЕРАТУРЫ
© 2015 – 2016
Служба технической поддержки - email@example.com
Отказ от ответственности